The P. I. Nixon Medical Historical Library contains a collection of close to 5000 antiquarian texts, dating from the 15th to the early 20th century. Over the years, the library has endeavored to identify and digitize works from this collection that are of particular historical value, to make them available to the public online through the library’s Digital Archive. Other books from the collection have been digitized through grants from the University of North Texas and are available through the Portal to Texas History.
Browse digitized works in the:
- Atkinson, Donald Taylor (1874- ). Texas surgeon: an autobiography. N.Y.: Washburn, 1958.
An autobiographical account of the life of Dr. Donald Taylor Atkinson.
- Bell, Charles (1774-1842). Essays on the anatomy of expression in painting. London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, and Orme, 1806.
The first textbook of anatomy for painters and illustrators, analyzing the anatomical basis of facial expression and in a series of beautifully detailed drawings showing how facial muscles are utilized to express human passions.
- Brunschwig, Hieronymus (ca. 1450-ca. 1512). Dis ist das buch der Cirurgia Hantwirkckung der wundartzny von Hyeronimo brunschwig. Strassburg: [J. Grueninger], 1497.
First printed surgical treatise in the German language, containing a compilation of ancient and medieval medical knowledge and the earliest detailed description of gunshot wounds. Contains many picturesque scenes of the 15th century doctor at his patient’s bedside, the apothecary in his pharmacy, and villagers undergoing various medical remedies.
- Cerna, David (1857-1953). Notes on the newer remedies: their therapeutic applications and modes of administration. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1895, c1894.
A pharmacology reference text that includes physical characteristics, modern therapeutic applications and recommended dosages for various synthetic and natural drugs available in 1895.
- Corner, William. San Antonio de Bexar: a guide and history. San Antonio: Bainbridge & Corner, 1890.
Includes descriptions of county and church records, interviews with memorable Texans, a discussion of the benefits of the San Antonio climate for individuals suffering from lung disease, descriptions of local churches, schools, public halls, parks and other establishments.
Scottish-born surgeon George Cupples moved to Texas in 1844, and subsequently served as surgeon for the Texas Rangers in the Mexican War and then for the Confederate Army. In this handwritten case book, Cupples captured patient notes and reports on both medical and surgical cases he treated between about 1853 and 1867.
- Dixon, Chas. D. (Charles D.). The menace: an exposition of quackery nostrum exploitation and reminiscences of a country doctor. San Antonio: Lodovic Printing Company, 1914.
The purpose of Dixon’s book was to expose fraudulent doctors, practitioners and other professionals who treat individuals without the proper licenses.
- Fisher, C. E. Queer quaint old San Antonio: its climate in throat and lung diseases. No publisher listed, 1895.
Describes the climate of San Antonio, Texas and its potential benefits to individuals suffering from lung illness and disease.
- Genga, Bernardino (1620-1690). Anatomy improv’d and illustrated with regard to the uses thereof in designing… London: J. Senex 
English translation of Genga’s Anatomia per Uso et Intelligenza del Disegno,one of the finest examples of anatomy and artistry in balance, a masterwork from the age of copperplate engraving. Has since become one of the most famous books on anatomy for artists.
- Herff, Adolph (1858-1952). Chemistry note-book. [Lexington, Virginia: Adolph Herff, 1876?]
Chemistry student notebook of Adolph Herff, noted San Antonio surgeon who received his M.D. from Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia in 1878 and returned to San Antonio in 1880 to practice in association with his father, Dr. Ferdinand Ludwig von Herff.
- Herff, Ferdinand Peter (1883-1965). The doctors Herff: a three-generation memoir. San Antonio: Trinity Univ. Press, 1973.
A memoir written by Ferdinand Peter Herff, San Antonio physician, about his two ancestors, Ferdinand Ludwig von Herff and Adolph Herff, both early Texas physicians.
- Hoyt, Henry Franklin (1854-). A frontier doctor. Boston: New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1929.
A autobiographical account of pioneer doctor Henry Franklin Hoyt, the first physician to practice medicine in the Texas Panhandle.
- Massie, J. Cam. A treatise on the eclectic Southern practice of medicine. Philadelphia: Thomas, Cowperthwai,t 1854 [c1853].
A reference text on the theory and practice of medicine in 1854, especially as experienced in Texas.
- Menger, Rudolph (1851-1921). Texas nature observations and reminiscences. San Antonio: Guessaz & Farlet Company, 1913.
A collection of photographs and photo-micrographs taken by Dr. Menger of native animal and insect life found around San Antonio in the late 1800’s and early 1900’s along with accompanying detailed narratives.
- Nixon, Pat Ireland (1883-1965). A century of medicine in San Antonio: the story of medicine in Bexar County, Texas. Lancaster, PA.: Lancaster Press, Inc., 1936.
A history of the development of medicine in the San Antonio area including early physicians, hospitals, and clinics, and the development of the West Texas Medical Association and the Bexar County Medical Society.
- Nixon, Pat Ireland (1883-1965). The medical story of early Texas. Lancaster, Penn. published by the Mollie Bennett Lupe Memorial Fund, 1946.
Highlights the story of medicine in Texas between 1528 and 1853, from the beginnings with Indian medicine to the development of the Texas Medical Association.
- Nixon, Pat Ireland (1883-1965). A history of the Texas Medical Association. Austin Univ. of Texas Press, 1953.
A narrative description of the history of the Texas Medical Association over a period of one hundred years and the small band of medical pioneers who contributed to the beginnings of organized medicine in Texas.
- Nott, T. H. President’s address, delivered before the 19th session of the Texas State Medical Association. Waco, Texas: Brooks & Wallac, 1887.
Include the text of the address by T. H. Nott in 1887 regarding the protection of patients from quacks and fraudulent doctors.
- Singleton, Albert O. An Account of the Early History of Surgery in Texas. Galveston, Tex: Texas Surgical Society, 1932.
Presidential address given before the Texas Surgical Society, October 24, 1932 covering the early history of surgery in Texas, including the development of the specialty, early surgical procedures, the first medical associations and organizations, as well as discussions of notable Texas surgeons.
- Smith, Theobald (1859-1934). Investigations into the nature, causation, and prevention of Texas or southern cattle fever made under the direction of Dr. D.E. Salmon, chief of the bureau of animal industry. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1893.
This is a report on the nature, causation, and prevention of Texas cattle fever or the infection of cattle by ticks. Includes statistical tables and illustrations of red blood corpuscles infected by ticks.
- Texas Eclectic Medical Association. Constitution and by-laws of the Texas Eclectic Medical Association of the state of Texas. Honey Grove, Texas: Texas Citizen Steam Print, 1891.
This pamphlet contains the text of the Texas Eclectic Medical Association’s constitution and by-laws, including the purpose of the Association, membership information, election of officers, resolutions, ethics, and other rules and regulations.
Banner image: Charles Bell, from Essays on the anatomy of expression in painting.