A study recently published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology showed that men who are “highly fit” have less risk of dying from cardiovascular disease compared to men who have a “low level of fitness”. Researchers use this example. A 55-year old man who is considered to have a “low level of fitness” would require approximately 15 minutes to walk a mile. His fitness level would put him at a nearly 30 percent risk of dying from a cardiovascular disease. On the contrary, a “moderately fit” 55 year old man could walk a mile in 10 minutes. This man’s risk of dying from a cardiovascular disease would be 10 percent.
The purpose of the study, conducted at The Cooper Institute and the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas Texas, was to determine the relationship between fitness levels measured at ages 45, 55, and 65 and the lifetime risk of cardiovascular disease and death caused by cardiovascular disease. 11,049 men, ranging from 40 to 69 years of age, were included in the study. Their initial examination occurred before 1990 and they were subsequently followed up until death or until the age of 90. Participants had traditional risk factor measurement.
Lifestyle trends, such as poor diet and lack of exercise, can promote weight gain. In turn, weight gain can lead to diabetes mellitus, obesity and metabolic syndrome, which are all risk factors for cardiovascular disease.
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in Texas and the leading cause of death in Texas Hispanics, according to the Texas Department of State Health Services. In 2007, the prevalence of cardiovascular disease in South Texas was higher than the state rate.
To watch a video report on the study please follow this Health Day link: http://www.bing.com/videos/watch/video/outrunning-heart-disease/1d3afoy1b?from=
Berry, J, et al. (2011). Lifetime Risks for Cardiovascular Disease Mortality by Cardiorespiratory Fitness Levels Measured at Ages 45, 55, and 65 Years in Men. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 57 (15).