Digital Archive

Hurricane Beulah Collection

Photograph of a woman and a car on a flooded street during Hurricane Beulah

About the Hurricane Beulah Collection

A large portion of the Ramirez collection documents the aftermath of Hurricane Beulah which made landfall near the mouth of the Rio Grande River as a Category 3 hurricane on September 20, 1967. Beulah caused extensive damage across South Texas and neighboring communities across the U.S. — Mexico border. On the evening of September 21, approximately 14,000 refugees from Camargo, Tamaulipas crossed the border and entered Roma and Rio Grande City seeking food, shelter, and medical care. It is documented that in under nine hours, the population of these communities more than doubled.

For several weeks, Dr. Ramirez worked with volunteers from the local community, UT Medical Branch in Galveston, Santa Rosa Hospital in San Antonio and the U.S. Army in the medical response to this crisis. It was during this time that Dr. Ramirez had the opportunity to lead President Lyndon Baines Johnson, and Governor John Connally on a tour of the area striken by the hurricane, bringing national attention to this natural disaster. For his leadership and rise to action, Dr. Ramirez was cited by the Surgeon General William H. Stewart in 1967.

Dr. Ramirez kept an extensive journal of his experiences leading the health care response to Hurricane Beulah in Starr County. Over 135 photographs and 185 pages of letters, newspaper clippings, and journal entries document the efforts of the medical team, the state and federal response, and the overall aftermath of this natural disaster.

Photographs document how emergency clinics were organized and managed and portray the use of make-shift equipment in the absence of standard medical supplies. In addition, text-based portions of this collection document how disaster planning and recovery procedures in Texas changed after Hurricane Beulah due to information provided by Dr. Ramirez and the medical response team in Starr County to agencies such as the Texas State Department of Health and the Texas Department of Public Safety. Due to growing national attention toward emergency preparedness and disaster response, the portion of the collection devoted to the Hurricane Beulah disaster response is of significant historical and informational value.

Photograph of Dr Ramirez aith a nurse

Learn more about the life and work of Dr. Mario E. Ramirez

View the Beulah Photos

Managing Your Email

The handouts and webinars on this page were developed by the Texas State Library and Archives Commission to help personnel at state agencies and local governments manage their email.  They are free to everyone.  The webinars are archived at the Texas State Library and Archives Commission website and may be viewed as a guest.  You may also create an account to login so you can print out a certificate for the course.  Click Download the Archived Webinar on the course webpage to view the webinar.  The download may take a few seconds.

Email Management: Part 1Email Management: Part I  (run time 64 minutes)

This is the first in a two-part webinar on email management. Topics include the laws and rules regarding email as records, how to determine when an email is a record and how to identify which emails you should keep. Also included are a discussion of the most common categories of email records, one way to organize your inbox, and some productivity tips to help make all aspects of your email use more efficient.

Handout       (You may need to click Login as a guest to view the handout.)

View Part 1   (You may need to click Login as a guest to view the webinar then click on Download the Archived Webinar )

 

Email Management: Part 2Email Management: Part 2 (run time 56 minutes)

This is the second part of the email management webinar series. This webinar is targeted towards Records Management Officers (RMOs) or anybody seeking more advanced knowledge of email management. Discussion includes the RMO’s role regarding email management and what RMOs should include in email policies and training. Next, is a discussion on how local governments and state agencies currently handle the emails of exiting employees and TSL recommendations for the best practices for confronting this problem. Also included are what components of an email should be included in the record,  including instructions on what metadata to retain.

Also discussed are alternative approaches for filing plans for email other than Outlook and brief discussions of the technology and advantages of encryption and auto classification tools, ediscovery, and email archiving software.

Handout for Part 2  (You may need to click Login as a guest to view the handout.)

View Part 2   (You may need to click Login as a guest to view the webinar then click on Download the Archived Webinar )

Oral history interview with Mr. Victor Oliveros

Victor Oliveros is a retired epidemiologist who served for many years with the City of Laredo Health Department. He is still active with committees and projects addressing border health issues. In this November 2009 interview, Special Collections Librarian Pennie Borchers interviews Mr. Oliveros about the public health issues he observed along the Texas-Mexico border during his career, and his work to try to improve public health in Laredo and beyond.

P. I. (Pat Ireland) Nixon Photographs & Biographical Materials

P. I. Nixon

Nixon_75th_Birthday

“Memories of Dr. Pat Ireland Nixon” – Nathalie Grum Oral History

 

Young P. I. Nixon in uniform at Bingham Prep School in Ashville, NC, 1909

Young P. I. Nixon in uniform at Bingham Prep School in Ashville, NC, 1909

Dr. P. I. Nixon as a young man. Courtesy of Leon Valley Public Library and Grace Nixon.

Dr. P. I. Nixon as a young man. Courtesy of Leon Valley Public Library and Grace Nixon.

P. I. Nixon standing in front of the New Convalescent Home in San Antonio, sometime in the 1930's

P. I. Nixon standing in front of the New Convalescent Home in San Antonio, sometime in the 1930′s

 

Olive Gray Read Nixon

Olive Read Nixon Memoriam

 

Olive Nixon, age 10, Ft. Worth, TX

Olive Nixon, age 10, Ft. Worth, TX

Olive Read met Pat I. Nixon while they were both attending the University of Texas at Austin. He graduated in 1905, but they waited until he finished his M.D. degree at John Hopkins University School of Medicine and established his practice in San Antonio before marrying in 1912.  They had four boys – Pat Ireland Nixon Jr., Robert Nixon, and the twins Benjamin Nixon and Thomas Nixon. Olive shared Nixon’s interest in history and was his partner in collecting historical materials.

Olive Nixon, wife of P. I. Nixon

Olive Nixon, wife of P. I. Nixon

 

Fannie Andrews Nixon

 

Fannie Andrews Nixon, mother of P. I. Nixon, ca. 1879

Fannie Andrews Nixon, mother of P. I. Nixon, ca. 1879, while serving as a school teacher

Frances Amanda Andrews was born in Randolph county, North Carolina, on Nov. 5, 1843. In 1866 she left North Carolina with her brother-in-law and sister and after a 3 months journal arrived in Texas, settling at Belmont. She taught school for a few years then in 1872 married Captain Robert Thomas Nixon, the owner of a 14,000 acre plantation 6 miles south of what is now Luling. Captain Nixon had 9 children from his previous marriage. Fannie added 7 children of her own. In 1895 they moved to Luling. When her husband died in 1897, she managed the estate for the next forty-two years.

Fannie Andrews Nixon, age 96, ca. 1939

Fannie Andrews Nixon, age 96, ca. 1939

 

Nixon family homestead in Old Nixon, Texas in Guadalupe County with Fannie Nixon standing outside.  B&W photo painted in watercolor.

Nixon family homestead in Old Nixon, Texas in Guadalupe County with Fannie Nixon standing outside. B&W photo painted in watercolor.

 

P. I. Nixon, Jr.

Pat Nixon, Jr_memorial

P. I. Nixon, Jr. oral history – transcript

 

P. I. Nixon, Jr. - oldest son of P. I. Nixon and Olive Read Nixon

P. I. Nixon, Jr. – oldest son of P. I. Nixon and Olive Read Nixon

Dr. Pat I. Nixon Jr. MD was born on May 28, 1913. He graduated from the University of Texas at Austin in 1935 and Duke Medical School in 1939. He joined the Army in 1949 and was stationed at West Point during World War II as a Hygiene Teacher and a member of the Medical Staff. He returned to San Antonio in 1946 and practiced medicine with his father. He married Ruby Baker while in the Army, and they had 4 children. Ruby died in 1982, and he married his second wife, Della. He loved old antique cars and driving and donatedmuch of his time to charity and doing work for the Boy Scouts. He died in October 2012 at the age of 99.

More pictures of P. I. Nixon, Jr.

More pictures of P. I. Nixon, Jr.

 

Ben Oliver Nixon

Ben Oliver Nixon – He Was Our Boy (Eulogy)

1932 Photograh of Dr. Pat. I. Nixon with sons Robert Nixon (standing) and twins Ben and Thomas Nixon.  Courtesy of Leon Valley Public Library and Grace Nixon

1932 Photograh of Dr. Pat. I. Nixon with sons Robert Nixon (standing) and twins Ben and Thomas Nixon. Courtesy of Leon Valley Public Library and Grace Nixon

Ben Oliver Nixon was born in 1921, the oldest of the “Tennis Playing Twins.” He was a Captain and aircraft pilot in the Air Force and died while flying a plane in 1961. He was married to Grace Nixon and had four children.

 

P. I. (Pat Ireland) Nixon, 1883-1965

Pat I. Nixon - picture taken for his 75th birthday.

Pat I. Nixon – picture taken for his 75th birthday.

Dr. P. I. Nixon was a prominent physician in San Antonio and a skillful writer and researcher and is recognized as the preeminent historian of Texas medicine. He was the sole author of three books devoted to Texas medicine and was co-author of a fourth. He was founder of the San Antonio Historical Association and served terms as president of the Bexar County Medical Library Association,  the Texas Surgical Society, the San Antonio Ex-Students Society of Texas, the San Antonio Historical Association, and the Philosophical Society of Texas. In 1957 Nixon received two literary honors, the Summerfield G. Roberts and Clement E. Trout awards. In 1963 Trinity University granted him an honorary doctorate.

Education and Career

Pat Ireland Nixon was born in Old Nixon, Texas on November 29, 1883, to Robert Thomas and Fannie (Andrews) Nixon.  He graduated from Luling High School in 1900 and the Bingham School in Ashville, North Carolina in 1902.  He received his Bachelor of Science degree from the University of Texas in 1905 and his medical degree from John Hopkins University School of Medicine, graduating in 1909.

After completing postgraduate studies, Nixon opened an office in San Antonio on September 27, 1911, as a general practitioner and treated patients for over 50 years. On July 3, 1912, Nixon married Olive Gray Read of Mineola, Texas, whom he had met while attending the University of Texas. They had four sons — Pat Ireland Nixon Jr., Robert Nixon, and twins Benjamin Nixon and Thomas Nixon.  Nixon served on the medical staffs of Baptist Memorial, Nix Memorial, and Santa Rosa hospitals and was president of the Bexar County Medical Association in 1926 and the Texas Surgical Society in 1956.   He died on November 18, 1965 and was buried in Sunset Memorial Park, San Antonio, Texas.

 

Political cartoon with P. I. Nixon

Political cartoon with P. I. Nixon.  Source unknown.

Role in Public Health

Nixon was appointed to the San Antonio Board of Health in 1928 and served for the next twenty years on city or city-county health boards. He crusaded for improvements in public health and in the government of San Antonio, which he blamed for not doing anything about the deplorable health conditions. He was especially concerned about the spread of polio, tuberculosis, syphilis, infant diarrhea, and other infectious diseases and the living conditions in the barrios, where the poorest people in San Antonio resided. He spoke out at public rallies and on the radio and was a leader in efforts to improve the health of San Antonio’s people.

 Rare Books Collector

One of his most enduring contributions to the medical profession in San Antonio was his role in the founding of the Bexar County Medical Library Association in 1919 where he served as Chair. The library acquired over 15,000 volumes and long runs of more than two hundred journals.  Because of Dr. Nixon’s efforts, the Bexar County Medical Library was also able to accumulate a large collection of rare medical books, purchased with association funds, donations by patients and friends of Dr. Nixon, and money from the sales of several of his books. He searched for old and rare books over a period of 50 years. This collection of rare medical books was donated to the University of Texas Medical School in San Antonio in 1970 and is housed in the Briscoe Library as the P.I. Nixon Medical Historical Library. Nixon served on the advisory council for the Handbook of Texas and contributed many articles on doctors and medicine for the handbook.  Nixon also had a personal library of Texana comprised of books on early Texas history, both rare books and more modern publications.  This collection was donated to Trinity University in San Antonio in 1964 and became the Pat Ireland Nixon Collection.

Biographical Materials

Pat Nixon of Texas: Autobiography of a Doctor

Personal photographs, tributes, family obituaries

 Books by P. I. Nixon  (Click to view full text)

 A Century of Medicine in San Antonio

The Medical Story of Early Texas

A History of the Texas Medical Association

The Early Nixons of Texas

Personal Papers

Guide to the Pat Ireland Nixon (1883-1965) Collection

Selected Papers from the Nixon Collection:

WOAI Broadcast – Political Speech, April 5, 1939

Politicians and Our Health, WOAI, Decmber 11, 1940

Poliomyelitis Epidemic, KABC, July 16, 1946

A Threat to San Antonio (political speech), KTSA, April 17, 1953

The Story of Medicine in San Antonio, WOAI TV, October 23, 1955

Ron Philo, PhD, on the Anatomical Drawings of Leonardo da Vinci

Dr. Philo, senior lecturer in the Department of Cellular and Structural Biology at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, describes his research on the anatomical drawings of Leonardo da Vinci and his collaboration with Martin Clayton, Deputy Curator of the Print Room at Windsor Castle, England, on the award-winning exhibition catalog, Leonardo da Vinci: The Mechanics of Man, published in 2010. Dr. Philo retired from the University in August, 2010.

Talks on History and Health

Oral History Interviews featuring images of Dr. Ramirez and others

The Project

Over the years, a number of important audio and video interviews, lectures and presentations on the history of medicine and healthcare have been collected in the University Archives of the UT Health Science Center San Antonio. This project aims to digitize these talks and make them available for download and online viewing or listening through the Internet Archive, or other channels, at the pages linked below.

The Talks

A Personal History of Bexar County Medicine (February, 1980)
Dr. Perry W. Nadig interviews Dr. Byron Wyatt, a pioneer San Antonio physician.

Historical remembrances of Dr. Mario E. Ramirez, M.D. (2007 and 2011)
Two interviews with the eminent South Texas physician: a video interview from 2011, and an audio interview by Special Collections Librarian Pennie Borchers from October 2007.

Oral History Interview with Mr. Victor Oliveros (November, 2009)
Special Collections Librarian Pennie Borchers interviews City of Laredo epidemiologist and public health advocate Victor Oliveros about public health issues on the Texas-Mexico border.

Ron Philo, PhD, on the Anatomical Drawings of Leonardo da Vinci (July, 2010)
Dr. Philo, senior lecturer in the Department of Cellular and Structural Biology, describes his research and publications on the anatomical drawings of Leonardo da Vinci.

Charleen Moore, PhD: “Anatomists and their Art” (October, 2011)
A presentation by Dr. Moore,  Distinguished Teaching Professor in the Health Science Center’s Department of Cellular and Structural Biology, featuring many important works from the P.I. Nixon Medical Historical Library.

 

The Boehm Birds: An Edward Marshall Boehm Collection

Banner featuring a ceramic sculpture of two Verdins perched on a plant by Boehm.

History of the Boehm Collection

Photograph of Mrs Edward Boehm at a reception at the Health Science CenterThe Dolph Briscoe Jr. Library houses a collection of fine porcelain sculptures created by world renowned artist and sculptor Edward Marshall Boehm. The 15 Boehm sculptures were donated to the University of Texas Health Science Center by Mrs. Edward Marshall Boehm on January 26, 1973. A reception honoring Mrs. Boehm on the occasion of the presentation of the gift was held in the Auditorium Foyer on September 7, 1973. The sculptures were originally placed in the President’s suite and in the auditorium, but were moved to the Briscoe Library in 1997 at the suggestion of Dr. Virginia Bowden, Library Director, when one of the birds was damaged in their previous location. The Briscoe Library is fortunate to house and display these sculptures; they can be found in various locations in the library.

 

View the Boehm Birds

 

Edward Marshall Boehm: Biography of an Artist

Black and white photograph of Edward Marshall BoehmEdward Marshall Boehm was born in Baltimore and orphaned at the age of seven. He showed some artistic ability at an early age, but it was not until after World War II that he was drawn to the art of sculpture which would be his vocation. Working in a convalescent home for returning soldiers, he first picked up a ball of clay and realized that this would be his medium. Before the war, he had had some success as a cattle breeder, and it was his familiarity with animals and his eye for their structural composition that contributed to his skill with sculpting animals. He was attracted to the art of porcelain sculpture and, after visiting some porcelain factories in Trenton, New Jersey, became determined to set up his own factory. In the basement of his home, he developed a formula for an excellent porcelain and began producing sculptures. His wife, Helen, became his distributor, sales manager, and public relations voice, but the pervasive prejudice against American-made porcelain which existed at the time was difficult to overcome, and they struggled, their finances dwindling. Their breakthrough came in 1951, when the Curator of the American Wing of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York purchased two statues for the museum’s collection, thus giving an authoritative endorsement of Boehm’s art. Still, it was not until 1955 that Boehm’s company really began to grow. By the time of Edward Marshall Boehm’s death in 1969, he had seen his porcelains placed in the permanent collections of many of the world’s most important museums and galleries. Today one can view Boehm’s sculptures in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Hermitage, the Smithsonian, and the Tokyo National Museum. In 1992, a wing in the Vatican Museum of Art in Rome was named in memory of Edward Marshall Boehm; he was the first American to receive that honor.

Bibliography

Fine Porcelain Creation

The name “porcelain” was given to translucent vitrified stoneware in China by the explorer Marco Polo in the 13th century. He thought that it resembled a certain seashell named genus porcellana because of its high gloss and translucency. Porcelain is made up of a high temperature (2400° F) fusion of fine white clay and feldspar. To make a sculpture like the Boehm birds, the figure is first modeled in clay or wax. A mold is made from the figure (or many molds in the case of complex figures) and a cast is made by pouring the fine porcelain mixture into it. After the lining of this mold has hardened, the liquid center is poured out, and the mold is removed. At this time if the model was made in sections, the sections are assembled, and fine details are added by hand. The figure is placed in a kiln for twelve to 24 hours, then cooled for three days. At this time it is in its “bisque” state, and may be colored and then glazed, if desired.

Bibliography
  • Cosentino, F. J. (1960). Boehm’s Birds : the Porcelain Art of Edward Marshall Boehm. New York: Frederick Fell, Inc.
  • Duffy, M. (1971, May-June). Of Clay & Fire : Conservation in Ceramics. Louisiana Conservationist Magazine.

Photograph of a ceramic sculpture of a roadrunner created by Boehm

The History of Medicine in Poetry – HOM Society Meeting in April

In honor of Poetry Month, the History of Medicine Society of the Friends of the P. I. Nixon Medical Historical Library will be meeting in the Howe Conference Room on April 23, 2014, beginning at 6:00 pm to discuss the history of medicine in poetry.  UTHSCSA faculty and students will be doing readings of selected poems and members can discuss their own original poems.

In conjunction with the meeting, an exhibit on The History of Medicine in Poetry will be displayed in the 3rd floor exhibit area of the library starting April 1.

 

Popular 17th century poem describing the plague doctor's costume.

Popular 17th century poem describing the plague doctor’s costume.  See the exhibit for an English translation.

Copper engraving of Doctor Schnabel [i.e Dr. Beak], a plague doctor in seventeenth-century Rome, with a satirical macaronic poem (‘Vos Creditis, als eine Fabel, / quod scribitur vom Doctor Schnabel’) in octosyllabic rhyming couplets.  Date: 1656.  Courtesy of Internet Archive.

University History

University History Banner showing a medical lecture from the 1970s

Collection Overview

The University History Collection of the Digital Archive includes audio, video, photographs, and manuscripts that document the university’s growth and development since its establishment in 1959. Additional background on the University’s history is available at A Brief History of UTHSCSA.

Projects

Founding Faculty Interviews
A series of video interviews with members of the Health Science Center’s founding faculty, produced by the University Development Office in 2010.
Medical School Yearbooks
Digitized copies of the yearbooks produced by the Medical School.

 


Banner Image: “Health Seminar”, from the 1972 Medical School yearbook, Curandero.