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Copyright Basics

The laws of the United States (title 17, U.S. Code) protect the authors or creators of original works of authorship through the legal concept of copyright. These original works include literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, scientific, and certain other intellectual works. UT Health Science Center at San Antonio expects all members of its community to comply with U.S. copyright laws, and refers all users of its technological and information resources to the description of copyright law included in the Use of Copyrighted Materials in the UTHSCSA Handbook of Operating Procedures, Chapter 2.3.2.

Copyright can be a complex concept with many nuances. Authoritative websites have been developed to help provide guidance to those individuals needing to understand copyright either as the creator of a work or as the potential user of a work covered by copyright protection. For more detailed information concerning U. S. copyright law, users may consult the websites listed below.

Evernote for Students

Evernote logo

Have you heard about Evernote? Our librarians are big fans of the resource, now available on a wide range of devices (web, desktop, Android, iPhone, iPad, Blackberry, and Windows Phone 7). The quickest way to describe Evernote is an an extensive note-taker. It can be used to create notes from text, audio, photos, attachments, location-based information, and tagging – which are saved to the cloud.  Evernote is an effective tool if you want to find quick and easy ways to organize your life. It can be helpful for study, to remember to buy milk or groceries, and to save content needed for class.


  • Easy to use
  • Versatile for professional and personal needs
  • Create and edit notes, to-dos, and task lists
  • Organize by notebooks and tagging
  • Save, sync, and share files


  • Free version does not allow offline storage to notebooks
  • Unable to edit PDF files

And just in case students need a reminder – Evernote is not meant to store patient information. We believe everyone knows and understands the facts about patient privacy, but when in doubt – err on the side of caution.


Find Help – Tipsheets & User Guides

Database Tipsheets & Tutorials

Many of the tipsheets on this page were created by library staff, others are linked materials are created by other libraries or by the database producers.  If you have any questions, please contact us.


OvidSP – Medline



Web of Knowledge

Interactive Tutorials

Library Tool Guides

On this page we make available tipsheets and how-to guides available on a variety of topics. Some tipsheets are made by the libraries and others are link to official help information. Contact us if you need help.

Bibliographic Management Software



EndNote X7

EndNote X6

EndNote X5

EndNote X3

EndNote X2

EndNote X1 (version 11)

EndNote X (version 10)

General Computer Skills

  • Ejercitando con Mi Raton – Spanish-language tutorial teaching basic mouse skills: clicking links, selecting and copying text, and manipulating common web form elements.

Five Myths About Copyright

Myth 1: “If it’s published openly on the Internet, I’m free to copy and repost at will.”

Some people confuse the fact that a work is “publicly accessible,” available for anyone to read or download on the Internet, with the idea that it’s in the “public domain,” and thus not subject to copyright protections.  In fact, those two concepts have nothing to do with one another.  Nearly all work published on the Internet is subject to copyright protections.

Copyright applies to all “original works of authorship” as soon as they are fixed in some tangible form of expression.  As soon as you click “save” or “publish,” you have created a copyrighted work, and you own the copyright on that work until or unless you give, sell, or sign some or all those rights over to someone else.  So every work of original creation that is written, recorded, notated, drawn, photographed, or otherwise captured — including a work published on the Internet — is protected by copyright.

Myth 2: “If I’m using it for educational or noncommercial purposes, it’s ‘fair use’ and I don’t need to seek permission.”

Not all educational or noncommercial uses automatically qualify as “fair use”.  Although the law sets out purposes and factors to be considered when judging whether a use is fair or infringing, the ultimate judgment would lie in a court’s interpretation.  Examples of activities that courts have found “fair” include: “quotation of excerpts in a review or criticism for purposes of illustration or comment; quotation of short passages in a scholarly or technical work, for illustration or clarification of the author’s observations; use in a parody of some of the content of the work parodied; summary of an address or article, with brief quotations, in a news report; … reproduction by a teacher or student of a small part of a work to illustrate a lesson…” [Register of Copyrights, 1961, quoted in US Copyright Office FL-102, 2009].  In the same document, the Copyright Office explains that “[t]he distinction between fair use and infringement may be unclear and not easily defined. There is no specific number of words, lines, or notes that may safely be taken without permission. Acknowledging the source of the copyrighted material does not substitute for obtaining permission.”

So the “fair use” doctrine may be a defense against infringement claims for a one-time use of a limited amount of material used for teaching, scholarship, or research, if you don’t have time to receive permission in advance of the use.  However, you should always attempt to obtain permission from the rightsholder if you will be copying significant portions of a work, redistributing it, or creating a new work based upon it — and you should document your attempt to get that permission before using the material.

Fortunately, here at the Health Science Center, you have a couple of alternatives that you can use to avoid the need to seek permission:

  1. You have access to an enormous amount of material through the library, so if you can link readers to that content online instead of copying or distributing it, you do not need permission.  By using the library’s linking service, you will assure that only authorized Health Science Center users have access to the copyrighted material.  You can learn more about how to link to library material here.
  2. If you’re sharing published materials such as journal articles or book chapters with other UT System employees, students or colleagues, your use may be covered by the UT System’s Academic License from the Copyright Clearance Center.  You can learn more about the Copyright Clearance Center Annual License here.

Myth 3: “If it doesn’t include the ©, it’s not copyrighted.”

Since 1989, a copyright notice is not required for a work to be covered by copyright protection.  Registering copyright with the US Copyright Office gives rights holders the option to pursue damages in court for infringement, but it is also not required for a work to be protected by copyright.  All original works of authorship are protected by copyright as soon as they are fixed in tangible form, whether or not they include a notice or are registered.

Myth 4: “If it’s out of print, it’s out of copyright.”

Even if an item is out of print, it still is subject to copyright protections during a certain amount of time.  That amount of time has varied through the years, but in the US, nearly all works published since 1923 are still under copyright protection.  Current works will not enter the public domain for a long time: works published since 1978 are generally subject to copyright protections until 70 years after the author’s death.  This document from the Cornell Copyright Information Center breaks down the duration of copyright under US law for different works and circumstances.

Myth 5: “If I wrote it, it can’t infringe anyone else’s copyright.”

Generally, authors own the copyrights on works they create.  However, authors sometimes sign publication agreements with publishers without reading and negotiating them carefully.  Some publication agreements involve the transfer of rights from the author to the publisher, which could prevent the author from copying or distributing the material in some cases.  It’s important for authors to always read and understand publication agreements before signing them, and to negotiate them with publishers if the terms are unfavorable.

Further reading:

Bailey J. Copyright myths [Internet]. New Orleans: Plagiarism Today; 2011. Available from:

Jassin LJ. Ten common copyright permission myths. New York:; 2011. Available from:

Templeton B. 10 big myths about copyright explained [Internet]. [n.p.]:; 2008. Available from:

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Five Principles for Copyright Success

Principle 1: Link instead of copying.

What’s the best way to share an article with your students or colleagues?  Many people are accustomed to scanning or saving the article to their computer, and then attaching that copy to an email, or posting it online in a system like Blackboard.  Unfortunately, doing so means copying and distributing the article — both activities that are restricted by copyright.

To avoid those problems, it’s far better to find or create a link (URL) that points to an authorized online copy of the article, such as one posted by the publisher.  When you use the library’s Link Generator, you assure that only authorized Health Science Center users have access to the copyrighted material, and that they can access it without problems both on-campus and off-campus.

Besides reducing copyright hassles, there are other advantages to distributing links instead of copied articles:

  • Some email systems limit the number or size of attachments that users can send or receive, but links don’t have that problem.
  • Links don’t fill up computer storage limits — such as those in a Blackboard course site — like PDF documents do.

Principle 2: Always acknowledge your sources.

Researchers and educators recognize the ethical importance of citing their sources in all scholarly work.  The same principle extends to all teaching materials, writing and presentations you create — not only for quotes and text excerpts, but also every time you use images, videos, audio, or multimedia created by others.  Citing your sources is not a substitute for making sure you have proper permission to use those sources — and it isn’t a legal protection against an infringement claim.  Nonetheless, it’s an important example to set for students and colleagues, and some licenses grant permission to use material with the specific requirement that you acknowledge the creator or source of the material.

If you’re not sure how to properly cite material you’re using, we have some suggested tools and sources for you.

Principle 3: Seek permission to copy, redistribute or adapt material.

If you intend to copy, redistribute, adapt or perform a whole work or significant portion of it for your class, presentation, or project, you should always attempt to obtain permission from the rightsholder first.  This includes not just text, but also audio, video and images, which are often reused in their entirety (or near entirety).  You should document your request for permission before using the material, even if you don’t receive a response to your request before you give your class or turn in your project.

If the material was published with a copyright notice (i.e. “© 2006 Sample Publishing Inc.”) then it’s easy to know where to send the request — contact the person or company shown in the notice.  If not, then try to identify and start with the original author or publisher of the material — they can let you know if the rights have been transferred to someone else.  The University of Texas at Austin’s Copyright Crash Course includes a handy template for a permissions request letter that you can grab, fill in, and send.

Principle 4: Creative Commons makes it easy.

Many scholars and creators are happy for others to share, reuse and redistribute their work, and many don’t want to require everyone ask for permission as described above. In 2001, a group of education experts, technologists, legal scholars, investors, entrepreneurs and philanthropists came together to find a way to address this problem, and called themselves Creative Commons.  In 2002, the first Creative Commons licenses were released.  These licenses allow creators to retain the copyright to their work, but release their work for the public to use, with a few conditions (or in some cases, with no conditions at all).  The typical Creative Commons license allows anyone to reuse material, as long as they acknowledge the creator.  Some Creative Commons licenses allow reuse for only noncommercial purposes, some only allow uses that maintain the work in its original form (“No Derivatives”), and some require that any new work that adapts the licensed material also be released with a Creative Commons license (“Share Alike”).

For creators and authors who wish to allow others to share their work, Creative Commons licenses make it easy to ensure that their intentions are understood up front. For people searching for material to reuse and adapt, Creative Commons licenses make it easy to find that material and use it in a way that respects the creator’s wishes or conditions.  To choose a Creative Commons license and learn how to apply it to your work, use the “Choose a License”  tool.  We’ve also got some suggestions on how to easily search for Creative-Commons-licensed material that you can reuse and adapt for your own work.

Principle 5: Manage your own copyrights wisely.

Scholars are generally interested in ensuring the widest possible distribution of their work, to promote their own career growth and contribute to scholarship in their field. However, some publishers ask authors to sign over copyright in their work to the publisher as part of a publication agreement.  This can inhibit authors’ ability to reuse or distribute their own works to colleagues, students, or online repositories.  If authors don’t retain certain rights, it can also be difficult for them to comply with the terms of grants such as those from the NIH, which require authors to make their work available in a public repository (i.e. PubMed Central).

It is important for authors to understand that publication agreements are negotiable.  Many authors have successfully renegotiated these agreements with publishers, have stricken problematic language, or have attached addenda that retain important rights for themselves — and publishers have accepted these changes.

It’s critical that you carefully read any publication agreement that you are asked to sign by a publisher.  If there is language you disagree with, cross it out and write in alternative language.  You can also attach an addendum that spells out the rights you wish to retain.  One example of such an addendum is the SPARC Author Addendum which is explained in further detail here.

Further reading:

Creative Commons. Creative Commons [Internet]. Mountain View (CA): Creative Commons; 2011. Available from

Harper GK. Copyright Crash Course [Internet]. Austin (TX): University of Texas Libraries; 2007. Available from:

Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition. SPARC Resources for Authors [Internet]. Washington: Association of Research Libraries; 2011.

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Five Tools That Can Help

Tool 1: The Link Generator.

When you want to distribute articles to students or colleagues, it works so much better to send or post links, as opposed to a copy of the article itself.  Sometimes, though, it’s difficult to find a link to a given article that will consistently work, both on-campus and off-campus.  That’s why the Health Science Center Libraries created the Link Generator — it’s a way to take one of several simple identifiers that most scholarly articles possess — either a PubMed ID (PMID), a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), or another ID — and quickly turn it into a short, simple, persistent link that works for Health Science Center faculty, staff, or students, on-campus or off-campus.

To begin, just go to and drop a PMID, DOI, CINAHL Accession Number, or PubMedCentral ID (PMCID) in the box.  Or if you prefer, you can just attach the identifier to the end of that same URL: for example, the link for an article with PMID 19197747 will be

Tool 2: Citation Help Resources.

There are lots of formats and models to help you create citations to works you wish to acknowledge.  The two most important things to remember when creating citations are:

  1. Your citation should prominently identify the creators of the work you are citing, whether they are individuals or entities, to ensure they get due credit for their creation.
  2. Your citation should include information that will help your readers locate copies of the work you are citing, so they can study it for themselves.
Here are some useful tools for creating citations properly — and easily:
  • The National Library of Medicine’s style guide, Citing Medicine by Karen Patrias, is available in its entirety online for free on the NCBI Bookshelf. This guide details the reference format (sometimes called the “Vancouver” format) recommended by the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals (URM), as agreed upon by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).
  • Reference managers like RefWorks and EndNote allow you to collect information about the material you’re researching, and then automatically compile that information into bibliographic citations in the format of your choice.  EndNote is available at a discount through the Health Science Center bookstore, while RefWorks is free online to Health Science Center students, faculty, and staff. Learn more about using the Health Science Center’s subscription to RefWorks.
  • New web-based tools like Mendeley and Zotero offer reference management functionality like the tools mentioned above, but also offer the ability to share citation information with colleagues online.  Both Mendeley and Zotero are free.
  • For a simpler solution, BibMe is an easy web-based tool that allows you to enter necessary citation information in a web-based form, from which BibMe will create citations for you in APA, MLA, Chicago or Turabian formats (Vancouver format is not an option with BibMe).

Tool 3: Copyright Clearance Center (CCC) Academic License.

The Copyright Clearance Center is a nonprofit “rights broker” that attempts to simpify the process of requesting and granting permission to use copyrighted works, by offering a single clearinghouse for requests and royalty payments that works with all rights owners and users.  CCC has also negotiated a blanket “Academic License” with major scholarly publishers, and the University of Texas System institutions have purchased this license to cover copying and distribution of materials within all 15 UT component institutions.

Individuals affiliated with any UT System institution can learn more about this license and how to use it by visiting the UT System Office of General Counsel’s CCC Academic License website (note: to access this restricted website, you will need to first select your institution, and then log in as instructed).  If you have questions about the Academic License and how it applies to your class or project, we can help.

Tool 4: Creative Commons & Other Reuse-Safe Searches.

We’ve described how the Creative Commons license is a handy way for creators to expressly make their work available for others to use, but how can you find materials that are available for use under Creative Commons (or other reuse-friendly) licenses?  A number of major web search tools now offer “advanced search” options that allow you to limit your results to just works that can be reused.  For example, if you use Google Advanced Image Search, look for the selector labeled “Usage Rights” and set it to “Only images labeled for reuse” before you run your search.  Other important media sources that offer advanced search options for Creative Commons content include the image-sharing network Flickr and the video-sharing service YouTube.  You may also find this Creative Commons Search page handy for searching several such services.

In addition, there are a number of media repositories specifically oriented toward the health sciences that make content available under Creative Commons or other open licenses.  Examples include:

Tool 5: Copyright Management Resources.

You put a lot of time and effort into your scholarship, so you want it to have the widest distribution and application possible.  You may want to distribute your work to more places than just the pages of one publication. The publication agreements you enter into with publishers will determine which rights you provide to them, and which you maintain for yourself.  It’s very important that you read publication agreements carefully before signing, and ensure that they are written in a way that allows you to retain the rights you need for the future.  If you have concerns, remember that publication agreements are negotiable, and you can attach an author addendum to the agreement that modifies the terms of the agreement according to your needs.

Here are some tools that can help you craft an author addendum to meet your needs:

Frequently Asked Questions about Records Management

What is Records Management?

Records management is the application of management techniques to the creation, use, maintenance, retention, preservation and destruction of records for the purposes of improving the efficiency of record keeping.

Why is Records Management Important?

There are many reasons — legal requirements, open records requests and litigation, disaster recovery, lack of space, and backup of vital records. Texas laws require all state agencies, including state educational institutions, to maintain an active records management program with an appointed Records Management Officer and an approved Records Retention Schedule for state records.

Is there training available on Records Management?

Training classes are available for Records Management Representatives for each department and any other interested staff. See the Records Management Classes page for more information.

What are the duties of the departmental Records Management Representatives?

The Records Management Representative (RMR) for each department is responsible for helping the Library update the department’s records in the Records Retention Schedule. A full list of duties is available on the Records Management Representatives page.

What is the definition of a state record? Are all records at the UTHSC considered state records?

A state record is any written, photographic, machine-readable or other recorded information created or received by or on the behalf of a state agency or elected state official that documents activities in the conduct of state business or use of public resources.

The following are examples of documents that are not considered state records: library or museum material, reference materials, stocks of publications, blank forms, convenience copies, and alternative dispute resolution documentation.

What is the Records Retention Schedule?

The Records Retention Schedule, known as the RRS, provides information on the location of records, how long records must be kept before they are destroyed, confidentiality of records, and whether records are considered vital to the institution. Each state agency must submit a revised Records Retention Schedule every five years. The next UTHSC revision is due July 2018 although yearly amendments are also submitted. To facilitate this process, each UTHSC department is requested to appoint a Records Management Representative (RMR) who will work with Library staff to revise their department’s records in the RRS.

Do I need permission to destroy records listed on the Records Retention Schedule?

A departmental Records Management Representative (RMR) who has taken the required records management training may dispose of records listed on the Records Retention Schedule following their approved retention period without asking permission of the Records Management Officer or of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission. A Disposition Log listing all the records disposed of and signed by the departmental Records Management Representative must be sent immediately to the UTHSC Records Management Officer.

May records not listed on the Records Retention Schedule be destroyed?

Some records, such as phone messages, fall under the general category of Transitory Information and may be discarded after they have fulfilled their purpose. Transitory records are records of temporary usefulness that are not an integral part of a records series of the University, that are not regularly filed within the University’s record keeping system, and that are required only for a limited period of time for the completion of an action by an official or employee of the University or in the preparation of an on-going records series. Transitory records are not essential to the fulfillment of statutory obligations or to the documentation of University functions.

Most records, however, are not transitory in nature. Destruction of any non-transitory state record that is not on the RRS must be approved by the Texas State Library and Archives Commission. Departments must send information on such records needing destruction to the Records Management Officer in the library, who will obtain approval from the Texas State Library.

Do I have to keep any kind of documentation on the records I destroy?

You must fill out a Disposition Log describing the records you have destroyed. Blank disposition log forms (and a sample completed form) are available from the Library Forms page. The log must be signed by your departmental Records Management Representative then sent to the Records Management Officer in the library.

What is a Disposition Log, and how long does my department have to keep them?

A disposition log is a document that tracks the final disposition (removal) of records from a state agency. The retention period for disposition logs is 10 years. Departments should send the original to the Briscoe Library to the Records Management Officer, who will keep the official copy. Departmental copies are convenience copies and may be discarded when no longer valuable. Blank disposition log forms (and a sample completed form) are available from the Library Forms page.

Can the Warehouse Certificate of Destruction be used as my disposition log?

The warehouse issues a Certificate of Destruction to departments after it destroys records belonging to that department. If the Certificate contains the same information as that listed on the Disposition Log , it may be used in lieu of filling out a Disposition Log.  This includes for each type of record listed the Record Series Title, Agency Item Number, required retention period, and the dates of the records included in the destruction.

Why are some records designated as “Vital” records?

Vital records are records that are necessary to the resumption or continuation of University operations in case of an emergency or disaster. They may also be records that are necessary to the recreation of the legal and financial status of the university. State law requires that vital records included on this list be backed up and stored off site.

Examples of vital records include: Contracts and leases, affiliation agreements, accounts payable ledgers, accounts receivable ledgers, federal tax records, employee earnings records,long-term liability records (bonds), insurance policies.

What kinds of records may be stored in the UTHSC warehouse?

  • Only official state records, those listed on the Records Retention Schedule, may be stored in the warehouse.
  • Do not send personal items such as books and journals.
  • The records must have at least 2 years left in their required retention period.
  • You must designate a destruction date for records sent to the warehouse.  Permanent records are generally not accepted as there is not enough room.
  • Note: All records in the box should have the same retention period as warehouse staff will discard the entire box at one time.

On the Materials Management (General Services) Storage Request form you should include for each box # a list of all the record series in the box.  For each record series listed include 1) the Agency Item Number (in the column for Record Series #) and 2) the official Record Series Title, official retention period, and date range of records included (in the Description column) .

How are records disposed of once they are removed from the UTHSC warehouse?

Periodically, warehouse staff determine which boxes have exceeded their disposition date and notify the responsible department that the box is eligible for final destruction. Copies of the original storage request and a Record Destruction Report are sent to the department. A department representative then signs and dates the Destruction Report form, permitting the warehouse to destroy the documents. Once permission is obtained, the boxes are pulled and taken to the recycler’s warehouse where they are mixed with documents from other sites then sent to a paper mill for pulping.

Do not recycle confidential documents (see next topic for examples) — they should be shredded instead.  Ask the warehouse if they can store the records until the next free university shred day.  If not, the department must pay for the shredding of the records.

What types of records should be shredded?

Records that have confidential information should be shredded. State law only requires that such records be destroyed to the point where they are unrecoverable–it does not specify how. The pulping process of recycling of paper satisfies this requirement, but is not as secure as shredding.

Confidential information includes the following: social security numbers, medical records, investigation of alleged child abuse and neglect, juvenile court records, and student records.

Small volumes of paper may be shredded in departments by using a small shredder. For large volumes of paper, contact the UTHSC Accounting department for information on shredding companies with state contracts.  Information Security occasionally offers a free Shred Day for the university.  You can also contact them to see if one is coming soon.

Do departments have to keep backup for IDTs and billing detail (4.1.002)?

Departments with federal grants are the only departments required to keep IDTs and billing detail.  Accounting scans these records but only keeps them for FE+3 (3 years after the end of the fiscal year in which they were created).  Fiscal records for federal grants must be kept for 6 years after the end of the grant, so departments must have them on hand to show federal auditors. Departments may keep the current year  or two in the department and send the remaining years (at least 2) to the UTHSC Warehouse with a date to destroy the records written on the box.

What is the difference between a fiscal year and a calendar year?

The fiscal year for UTHSC runs from September 1 of one year through August 31 of the following year. For example, the 2016 fiscal year runs from September 1, 2015 through August 31, 2016.

The calendar year runs from January 1 through December 31 of the year. For example, the 2016 calendar year runs from January 1, 2016 through December 31, 2016.

To figure out when documents may be destroyed, you can either count backwards from the beginning of the current year (fiscal or calendar) to determine which old documents may be destroyed or count forward from the end of the year to determine when a document created during that year will be eligible for destruction. See the examples and spreadsheet calculator for more information.

How long must we keep documentation for charges against state accounts?

The state requires FE +3, or 3 years past the end of the fiscal year in which charges occurred.

How long must we keep grant records?

It depends on grant requirements and the type of record.

The Records Retention Schedule sets the retention period for federal grants to AC +5 (close of grant plus 5 years). Non-federal grants (state or privately funded) must be kept for AC+3 (close of grant plus 3 years).  Fiscal records for federal grants are kept longer, AC+6.

Note, however, that grants involving clinical trials and drug studies can only be kept for 3 years after either 1) notification of new drug application approval or 2) completion, termination, or discontinuation of study if it does not result in a submission of application for research or marketing permit. This includes research data and documentation, case reports, study protocols, etc.

The text portions of grants may be kept as long as needed as they are often re-used in subsequent grant applications. Medical research findings (research participant records, surveys, questionnaires, etc.) may also be kept as long as desired, except for clinical trials.

All of these are state requirements. Check with the granting agency to be sure they do not require a longer retention period.

How long must departments keep resumes, employment applications, etc.?

Individual departments do not have to keep applications, resumes, etc., as Human Resources does so. Any resumes received for employees that are hired should be sent to Human Resources for filing as employees often ask for them.

May we keep personnel files for separated employees longer than 5 years?

Documents used for credentialing or verification for employees who are health professionals may be kept for as long as they are deemed administratively valuable while such documents for Residents/Fellows must be kept permanently. This includes certifications, training certificates, most current licenses, anything of value in responding to requests for credentialing or verification.

How long must travel expense backup, such as credit card bills & receipts, RTAs, etc. be kept?

FE+3 (3 years past the end of the fiscal year in which expense occurred). See Record Series 3.3.023 Reimburseable activities.

How Do I Find a Book?

All UT Health Science Center Libraries materials may be found using the Library Catalog.  The catalog is the default search option from the library homepage.  Additional searching options, including an advanced search, is located by clicking the Full Catalog Options link.

Searching options

  • Keyword search (the default) searches authors, editors, series titles, title words, and subject words
  • Search terms may be combined with and, or, and not
  • The default keyword search is and
    • renal failure finds the same items as renal and failure
  • To search for a phrase, use quotation marks
    • example: “renal failure”
  • Words may be truncated with an asterisk
    • orthopedic* will find orthopedic or orthopedics
  • The advanced search allows limitation of specific library, format, and years of publication

Results screen

If your results list more than one item, you will see a list of results.  By default, results are sorted by relevance to the search but you can change the sorting option by date or title also.

Full display

This view includes complete bibliographic information as well as location and status of the item.

Things to remember

If you need help finding library materials, contact the Information Desk. Email, call (210) 567-2450, or come by the library.

To login from off campus, use your badge number and PIN. Give the library a call if you encounter any problems or errors with the log in process.

How do I get a Thesis/Dissertation bound?

Students that complete their thesis or dissertation at the UT Health Science Center San Antonio may elect to have their copies bound.  Any student wanting to have copies bound should receive a memo either from the Graduate Dean’s office or their department office.

The Libraries do not bind copies in-house; they are sent to a company specializing in binding of materials.  It normally takes 3-4 weeks to get copies back once a shipment has been sent.

The cost for binding is $14 per copy.  Payment may be made by cash, check, credit card, or Project ID, if approved by the department.

The Libraries cannot print copies from electronic versions for students.  All copies must be printed by the student prior to submitting for binding.  Please note that library staff will not rearrange or insert pages prior to shipping (don’t forget the signature page!).

Copies are bound exactly as they are shipped.  Due to this, each copy must be individually packaged in an unsealed envelope.  The Libraries are not able to provide envelopes for students.  We suggest students not get expensive envelopes because these are not returned to us.

Below is a recap of what the Libraries will need for binding thesis/dissertation copies.  All of this is required at the time of delivery by the student.  Take this to the Circulation Desk and library staff will assist you.

  • A completed binding memo – please type information to avoid mistakes due to illegible writing.
  • Full payment for the copies being bound.  This amount may be split between a Project ID and personal payment but should cover the cost for the total number of copies.
  • Correct amount of printed copies in individual envelopes.

If you have any questions or concerns, please contact John Weed, Head of Collection Resources.