Clara Barton and The Red Cross: A History of this Remarkable International Movement in the Interest of Humanity
Portrait of Clara Barton
Clarissa Harlow Barton was born in Oxford, Massachusetts, on the 25th of December in 1821. She was the youngest of six children, and she took a keen interest in education early in her life. When she was a toddler, she was sent to school with one of her older brothers, where she developed a love for reading. When she was ten, her brother fell off the roof of their barn and had to undergo surgery. Clara was dedicated to nursing him back to good health. This event sparked her passion and love for healing others, which would eventually lead to the wonderful legacy she left behind.
Clara decided to become a teacher at the age of fifteen and worked as an educator for several years; eventually, she opened a public school in Bordentown, New Jersey, in 1853. A year after opening the school, Clara moved to Washington, D.C. and worked at the Patent Office. Many people believe that she was perhaps the first woman in the United States to hold a government job. In the early 1860s when the Civil War broke out, Barton was one of the first volunteers at the local infirmary caring for the wounded soldiers. She went on to serve the injured soldiers on the field. She collected supplies and distributed them to the Union Army. She cared for the soldiers during combat in Fredericksburg, Virginia, as well as Antietam. Many soldiers addressed her as the “Angel of the Battlefield.”
In 1869 after the Civil War had ended, Clara visited Geneva, Switzerland, and was introduced to the Red Cross organization. While on her trip, she was asked to be the representative for the American Branch. Upon returning to the United States, she began to lobby to gain some recognition for the Red Cross. In 1881, the American Red Cross Society was founded with Barton serving as President until 1904. After leaving the Red Cross, Clara remained devoted to her philanthropic passion and delivered speeches and lectures concerning public health and health interventions. She also wrote many literary pieces that focused on public health, her experiences as a nurse, and the importance of health on a global spectrum. Barton died in Glen Echo, Maryland, on April 12, 1912.
The P.I. Nixon Medical Historical Library owns a copy of The Red Cross: A History of this Remarkable International Movement in the Interest of Humanity, written by Clara Barton and published in the year 1898. The P.I. Nixon Medical Historical Library will display a Civil War exhibit on major medical figures of the Civil War from Sept. 15 – Nov. 30. Be sure to come visit our Civil War exhibit and learn more about Clara Barton and her tremendous efforts in starting the American Red Cross Society.
Image of our copy of Clara Barton’s The Red Cross: A History of this Remarkable Movement in the interest of Humanity
Clara Barton was honored with a United States commemorative stamp, issued in 1948
Community Asset Mapping for CTSA Community Engagement
Building community connections and partnerships in support of medical research, educationand practice that really work to impact community health
The UT Health Science Center Libraries are partnering with the South Central Area Health Education Center (AHEC) and the Lower Rio Grande Valley AHEC to advance community engagement, foster collaboration and promote library involvement in community engagement among the Clinical and Translational Science Award (CTSA) recipient institutions in the South Central Region. This is a pilot project for (CTSA) Institutions in the South Central Region (SCR) of the National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM).
This project has been funded in whole or in part with Federal funds from the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, under Contract No. HHSN-276—2011-00007-C with the Houston Academy of Medicine-Texas Medical Center Library.
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Community Health Education for Community Health Workers
During the 1990s the skin staph infection community-acquired (CA) Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) first emerged as an important cause of infection in communities. On September 20th, the UT Health Science Center Libraries provided a presentation for area Community Health Workers (CHWs) about recent South Texas research on CA-MRSA. The CHWs were attending a continuing education day sponsored by the NW Vista College Community Health Worker program.
The Community Health Worker program at Northwest Vista College prepares students to work in public health, private health care delivery systems, community-based social service agencies, and health care insurance organizations. Community Health Workers provide services to increase wellness and improve access to health services through outreach activities to target populations.
In Texas, Community Health Worker programs are certified by the Texas State Department of Health as an authorized and certified training site for Community Health Workers. Senate Bill 1051 (77th Texas Legislative Sessions) calls for the Texas Department of State Health Services to establish and operate a training and certification program for persons who act as promotores or community health workers, instructors and sponsoring institutions/training programs.
The Library presentation focused on a community health education project that resulted from research on the rate of CA-MRSA in skin and soft tissue infections done in 10 clinics in 4 counties in South Texas by the University of Texas at Austin College of Pharmacy and the UT Health Science Center Pharmacotherapy Education & Research Center. The initiative brought together the Libraries, researchers, the South Central Area Health Education Center, UHS CareLink Clinic, and other community partners to improve awareness about CA-MRSA.
Congratulations to library staff member, Monica Salazar! Monica received her Bachelor of Science degree in Nursing from the University of Texas Pan American in May 2014 and passed the NCLEX-RN examination for licensure as a Registered Nurse in January. In addition to working as a library clerical assistant, Monica has been an avid user of the Ramirez Library, taking advantage of its many resources while working towards her nursing degree. Monica plans to incorporate her past experience as an EMT into her career by pursuing a position as a critical care nurse in the Rio Grande Valley with the expectation of obtaining her Master’s degree in the near future.
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Danny Jones Essay Contest Deadline October 15, 2014
Skull drawing by Leonardo Da Vinci, 1489 (in public domain)
Attention students, residents, and fellows!
Is there a story from the history of the health sciences or public health that has inspired you in some way? That has shaped your understanding of humanity’s quest for scientific knowledge or the development of effective clinical or public health practice? If so, consider submitting an essay for the 2014 Danny Jones History of the Health Sciences Student Essay Competition.
The essay can be on any topic related to the history of the health sciences, including history of medicine, dentistry, nursing, public health, or any other health science or profession. Previously unpublished essays, including non-winning essays submitted previously, will be accepted.
A prize of $500 will be awarded to the best essay and will be presented at the Friends of the P.I. Nixon Medical Historical Library’s Annual Dinner on November 6, 2014. The contest is open to current students in any of the schools of the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, as well as to affiliated residents and fellows.
Medical library collections provide users with knowledge to inform patient care, research, class assignments, personal health decisions, and general enlightenment. With limited budgets and the rising cost of subscriptions, it is not feasible for libraries to own every book or journal subscription their constituents might need. The Interlibrary Loan Service is a collaboration with other libraries to provide journal articles and books that the UT Health Science Center Library does not own, and to fulfill requests from other libraries for items that are in the HSC collection.
In FY 2014, the UT Health Science Library processed the following:
1,587 items borrowed from other libraries
6,885 items delivered to other libraries or to individuals through Loansome Doc
722 items delivered to area health professionals
To request a book or journal article through Interlibrary Loan, the requester must first create and then log in to an account in the ILLiad system.
When searching online in PubMed, CINAHL, Scopus, Web of Science, or other databases, clicking on the HSCLink will retrieve the article. If the library does not subscribe to the journal, an option to “Get through Interlibrary Loan” will appear.
The process has been streamlined so that the turnaround time for delivery of articles is now a couple of days rather than weeks. UT Health Science Center (HSC) students, faculty and staff can request delivery of journal articles directly to their email. Book chapters are scanned and also emailed to requesters. Print book copies are still delivered the old-fashioned way, by mail or courier. Best of all, the service is free to HSC requesters–except for rush orders. This service is also available for a fee to licensed, practicing area health professionals.
The exhibit explores the relationship between healing and faith through the ex-voto, a devotional painting that gives thanks for a miraculous healing or blessing. The exhibit will run from May 7th – June 16th.
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Find an online journal
The way to locate full-text articles depends on how much detail you have about the item. Start by clicking the E-journals tab on the Library homepage.
If you have an e-journal citation, from the Library homepage, click “E-journal” to get started. Type the journal title in the box or use the MEDLINE abbreviation.
If we have an online version of the journal, the title will be listed with the years of electronic coverage.
In the event that we do not have electronic coverage, click “Try the Library Catalog” button to see if we have it in print in the Library.
Journal title results are shown with links to the years of coverage. Choose the link to Journal button that matches the year of your citation.
Getting to Full-Text from Library Databases
From inside most Library Databases, when working on an article search for a topic, you will see buttons that say HSCLink. These buttons connect you to the Library’s e-journal system.
Things to remember
If you need help finding library materials, contact Askalibrarian, call (210) 567-2450, or come by the library.
To login from off campus, use your domain username/password. Give the library a call if you encounter any problems or errors with the log in process.
First Do No Harm?, a new exhibit in the Briscoe Library 3rd floor exhibit cases, focuses on medical ethics. This exhibit describes medical experiments in the United States as well as Germany that actually harmed participants in the name of science. People were deliberately exposed to plutonium though ingestion of food, total body irradiation, shots, and atomic explosions. Nazi’s experimented during WW II on concentration camp inmates. Syphilis studies were conducted on black men in Alabama where treatment was withheld deliberately. In all cases, the experimenters seemed to justify the harm to their subjects by the knowledge they hoped to gain.
The exhibit will be available March 1 – March 31, 2014.
Troops of the Battalion Combat Team, U.S. Army 11th Airborne Division, watch a plum of radioactive smoke arise after a D-Day blast at Yucca Flats as Exercise ‘Desert Rock I’ reaches its peak. Nov. 1, 1951. (Courtesy of the National Archives & Records Administration)