History of Medicine

History of Anatomy class visits the P.I. Nixon Medical Historical Library

Ten students from the School of Medicine and the Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences visited the P.I. Nixon Medical Historical Library on the evening of Tuesday, April 24 to view more than 40 items from the library’s rare book collection.  The visit was the conclusion of the School of Medicine’s enrichment elective, ELEC 5022, and the graduate school’s CSBL 5015. The class, which was taught by Dr. Charleen Moore of the Department of Cellular and Structural Biology, covered the history of anatomy from ancient times through the 19th century.

Among the items on display:

ALBINUS, Bernhard Siegfried (1697-1770), Tables of the skeleton and muscles of the human body, London, 1st edition in Latin – 1749

HOOKE, Robert (1635-1703), Micrographia, London, 1667

VESALIUS, Andreas (1514-1564), De humani corporis fabrica libri septem, Basel, 1543

Students also viewed the oldest book in the Nixon library’s collection, CELSUS, Aulus Cornelius, De  medicina, 2nd edition, 1481.  De medicina is a member of a class of books known as incunables,  the first books to be produced by the printing press in the late 15th century.

The P.I. Nixon Medical Historical Library is open from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Monday through Friday.  To schedule a visit, contact Anne Comeaux, Assistant Library Director for Special Collections, comeaux@uthscsa.edu or Susan Hunnicutt, Special Projects Librarian, hunnicutt@uthscsa.edu.

 

P.I. Nixon Medical Historical Library- class visit

Dr. Charleen Moore and students from the School of Medicine and the Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences visited the P.I. Nixon Medical Historical Library on April 24.

 

ALBINUS, Bernhard Siegfried (1697-1770) Tables of the skeleton and muscles of the human body, 1747

Among the books on display in the P.I. Nixon Medical Historical Library on April 24: ALBINUS, Bernhard Siegfried (1697-1770), Tables of the skeleton and muscles of the human body, 1749.

History of Medicine in Poetry

Once again in honor of Poetry Month, the History of Medicine Society of the Friends of the P. I. Nixon Medical Historical Library will be meeting in the Howe Conference Room on April 22, 2015, beginning at 6:00 pm, to discuss the history of medicine in poetry.  UTHSCSA faculty and students will be doing readings of selected poems and members and visitors can read their own original poems.

Take time from your work and study and come enjoy the readings and discussion.  Everyone is welcome!

 

Kindness First Known in a Hospital

Alexandra Hospital, East Clandon: a ward in which some children are in bed while others stand around a piano being played by a nurse. Photograph, 1913(?).

Alexandra Hospital, East Clandon. Approximately 1913.

The place seemed new and strange as death,
The white strait bed, with others strait and white,
Like graves dug side by side at measured lengths,
And quiet people walking in and out
With wonderful low voices and soft steps,
And apparitional equal care for each,
Astonished her with order, silence, law:
And when a gentle hand held out a cup,
She took it as you do a sacrament,
Half awed, half melted, – not being used, indeed,
To so much love as makes the form of love
And courtesy of manners.  Delicate drinks
And rare white bread, to which some dying eyes
Were turned in observation.  O my God,
How sick we must be ere we make men just!
I think it frets the saints in heaven to see
How many desolate creatures on the earth
Have learnt the simple dues of fellowship
And social comfort, in a hospital.

-Elizabeth Barrett Browning.

Published in  The Doctor’s Window: Poems by the Doctor, For the Doctor, and About the Doctor. Ina Russelle Warren, editor.  Buffalo, New York; Charles Wells Moulton, 1898.

For more information, contact Anne Comeaux, Assistant Director for Special Collections, at comeaux@uthscsa.edu or 210-567-2428.

Image: Courtesy of Wellcome Images, http://wellcomeimages.org/.  Copyrighted work available under Creative Commons Attribution only licence CC BY 4.0 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

History of Medicine lecture on November 8- Apocalypse Cow: The Strange Rise and Fortunate Decline of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy

Gregory Anstead MD, PhD, Director, Immunosuppression and Infectious Disease Clinics, Veterans Healthcare System, will be the speaker at the next Noon Lecture of the Friends of the P.I. Nixon Medical Historical Library.  He will speak on the topic, Apocalypse Cow- The Strange Rise and Fortunate Decline of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy, popularly known as Mad Cow Disease.  The Noon Lecture Series provides opportunities for informal learning and conversation. Everyone is invited.  Please feel free to bring your lunch.

For more information about the Noon Lecture Series contact Susan Hunnicutt, Special Projects Librarian, Hunnicutt@uthscsa.edu.

 

History of Medicine lecture series continues with HIV-AIDS

  • Thursday, May 26, noon to 1 p.m.
  • Howe Conference Room

In the fall of 1980, Dr. Michael Gottlieb of UCLA Medical Center received a referral on a gay, white male in failing health with wasting, Pneumocystis pneumonia, and oral candidiasis.  Over the next few months, he and other colleagues observed the syndrome in four other patients, and described the new entity of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in 1981.  In 1984, the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) responsible for this syndrome was discovered.

Infection with the HIV virus was found to predispose persons to opportunistic infections and cancers.  Epidemiologic investigations revealed the disease was transmitted sexually, by blood products, IV drug use, and from mother-to-child. Cases of AIDS exploded throughout the world in 1980s and 1990s. Millions upon millions have suffered and died. Efforts to control the disease have been hampered by prejudice against infected persons.  AIDS has become one of the greatest public health challenges in modern medicine.  Currently, about 33 million people are infected across the globe.    Efforts to develop vaccines against HIV have failed.  Nevertheless, in the last 15 years, combination antiretroviral therapy has transformed the treatment of HIV infection, converting a deadly disease into a chronic, manageable condition.  Analysis of the history of the HIV epidemic in the United States reveals the power of these drugs and also the deficiencies of drug therapy to combat this disease.

Dr. Gregory M. Anstead
Director, Immunosuppression and Infectious Diseases Clinics
South Texas Veterans Health Care System

History of medicine lecture series continues: Beyond Bugs and Drugs: Infectious Disease Discovery and Epidemiology

Navajo Painting

The deer mouse, an important carrier of hantavirus disease, depicted in Navajo art. Photo by permission, Ben Muneta, M.D.

Hantavirus

Thursday, April 28, 12:00 noon to 1:00 p.m.

Howe Conference Room, Briscoe Library

In May of 1993, members of the Navajo Nation in the Fours Corners area of the United States were stricken by a deadly pneumonia of unknown cause.  In less than two months, investigators from the CDC determined the infection was due to a new virus related to the Hantaan virus of Asia.  The infection was spread to humans by exposure to rodent excreta. 

The Four Corners area had a population explosion of rodents in 1993 due to an El Nino climate event, which caused an abnormally high level of precipitation.  Subsequently, it was discovered that many other species of Hantaviruses were lurking in the rodents of the New World. 

The spring lecture series, Beyond Bugs and Drugs: Infectious Disease Discovery and Epidemiology, sponsored by the Friends of the P.I. Nixon Medical Historical Library and the Briscoe Library, continues on April 28.  In the third talk of the series Dr. Gregory Anstead of the School of Medicine, director of the Immunosuppression and Infectious Diseases clinics of the South Texas Veterans Healthcare System, will explore the rapid discovery of the etiology and reservoir ecology of Hantavirus as evidence of the power of epidemiology and molecular diagnostics. 

As always, the event is free and open to everyone.  Please bring your lunch and join us!

For more information about the spring lecture series, contact Pennie Borchers, Special Collections Librarian, at borchers@uthscsa.edu.

History of Medicine noon lecture will explore the treatment of diabetic pregnancy in the early 20th century

pregnancy“We Named Her Priscilla: Diabetic Pregnancy in early 20th century and Dr. Priscilla White”

Thursday, November 14, 12:00 noon
Howe Conference Room
5th floor, Briscoe Library

Kirsten Gardner, Ph.D., will talk about Priscilla White, a 1923 graduate of Tufts University Medical School whose groundbreaking work contributed to deeper understanding of diabetes, including diabetes in pregnancy.

Dr. Gardner, an Associate Professor of History at UTSA, is a past president of the Friends of the P.I. Nixon Medical Historical Library.  Her research interests include women’s health, particularly the history of female cancers. Recent articles include “Hiding the Scars: A History of Post-Mastectomy Prostheses,” “From Cotton to Silicone: A History of Breast Prosthesis Since World War II”, and “Informing Women: Early Cancer Detection Skills.”

History of Medicine noon lectures, hosted by the Friends of the P.I. Nixon Medical Historical Library, provide opportunities for informal learning and conversation. Everyone is invited. Please feel free to bring your lunch.

Susan Hunnicutt, Special Projects Librarian

History of Medicine presentation for March: Malaria in Central America

Panama CanalMarch 27, 6:00 pm

Howe Conference Room

5th floor, Briscoe Library

Eva Galvan, MSII and Member-at-Large for the Friends of the P.I. Nixon Medical Historical Library, will be the presenter at the March meeting of the History of Medicine Society.  Eva will speak about  The Impact of Mosquito Control on the Building of the Panama Canal.  Everyone is invited.

The History of Medicine Society is an interest group of the Friends of the P.I. Nixon Medical Historical Library.  Membership in the Friends is open to students, faculty and staff of the UT Health Science Center as well as members of the broader community.  For information about membership, contact Susan Hunnicutt, Special Projects Librarian, at 567-2406 or hunnicutt@uthscsa.edu.

History of Medicine Society Annual Trivia Night

Along with all of his other accomplishments, Harvey Cushing, M.D. was awarded the 1926 Pulitzer Prize for his biography of what famous physician?

William Daniels – most noted for his role as Mr. Feeny on Boy Meets World – has appeared in five medically-based television shows. Can you name them?

 Photograph of Participants at History of Medicine Society Trivia Night

Participants in the History of Medicine Society’s Second Annual Trivia Night attempted to answer these questions and more! On January 14, 2015, Ally Hertz MSIV quizzed three teams on their knowledge of medical history and medical popular culture. Six rounds of questions, as well as a halftime bonus and a final question, challenged UT Health Science Center students, faculty, retired faculty, staff, and guests.

Using some creative strategies, the Green Team came from behind to triumph on the final question by putting four significant medical advancements in the correct chronological order. Congratulations to the members of the winning team: Adelita Cantu, Ph.D., Jack Flores MSII, Eithan Kotkowski MSII, Michael “Bo” Still MSII, Becky Still, and Lisa Matye Finnie, MLS!

For more information on the activities of the History of Medicine Society, contact Anne Comeaux, Assistant Director for Special Collections, at 210-567-2428 or comeaux@uthscsa.edu.

Answers:

Harvey Cushing, M.D. was awarded the 1926 Pulitzer Prize for his book entitled The Life of Sir William Osler.

William Daniels has appeared in Grey’s Anatomy, Scrubs, St. Elsewhere, Trapper John, M.D., and Quincy, M.E.

History of Medicine Society will hold organizational meeting October 3

Illustration of a fly’s eye from Robert Hooke’s Micrographia (1665), collection of the P.I. Nixon Medical Historical Library. The Micrographia is one of the books that will be featured in Dr. Charleen Moore’s presentation on some of the treasures of the Nixon library.

A new organization is being formed at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio. The History of Medicine Society will provide a relaxed, interactive setting, with opportunities to discuss interesting stories of our predecessors as enrichment to our scientific and medical endeavors.  Membership will be open to students, faculty, and staff from all schools at UT Health Science Center, as well as from local undergraduate institutions.

Everyone is invited to learn more at the group’s introductory meeting, which will be held October 3, 2012 at 6:00 pm in the Howe Conference Room, 5th floor, Briscoe Library next to the Special Collections Reading Room.

For the group’s first program, Dr. Charleen Moore from the Department of Cellular and Structural Biology will speak about some of the rare book treasures of the P.I. Nixon Medical Historical Library.  Among the books she will discuss that will be on display following her presentation are:

Oldest book in the Nixon library

1481 Celsus, De Medicina, Roman medicine

Anatomy

1543 A. Vesalius, De Fabrica

1597 (1924 facsimile) Ketham, The fasciculus medicinae

1749 B. Albinus, Tables of Skeleton and Muscles

Natural History

1859 C. Darwin On the Origin of Species (1st edition)

Dentistry

1778 J. Hunter, Natural History of Human Teeth

General Medicine

1582 Avicenna, Canon of Medicine

Microscopy

1667 R. Hooke, Micrographia

Obstetrics/Gynecology

1851 J. Hunter, The Gravid Uterus

Ophthalmology

1583 G. Bartisch, Ophthalmodouleia (1st edition)

Nursing

1859 F. Nightingale, Notes on Nursing (1st edition)

Surgery

1821 C. Bell, Illustrations of the Great Operations of Surgery

Psychiatry

1632 Burton Anatomy of Melancholy – oldest printed book in English

Botany/Pharmacology

1785 W. Withering, An Account of the Foxglove (1st edition)

Early San Antonio and Texas

1853 G. Cupples, Case Books (one of San Antonio’s early physicians)

1936 P.I. Nixon, A Century of Medicine in San Antonio

1946 P.I. Nixon, The Medical Story of Early Texas

Newest  Addition

1801, 1806, 1808 J. Bell, The Principles of Surgery (3 vol. 1st editions)

 

An RSVP will be appreciated. For more information or to RSVP, please contact one of the individuals below.

Suzanne Thibodeaux, MS-4, thibodeauxs@livemail.uthscsa.edu

Daniel Barron, GS-2, barrond@livemail.uthscsa.edu

Lindsey Jackson, MS-4, jacksonla@livemail.uthscsa.edu

Dr. Charleen Moore, Faculty Advisor, moorec@uthscsa.edu
 

Illustrator for the Netter Collection of Medical Illustrations to speak April 10

Dr.-Carlos-MachadoWednesday, April 10

6:00 pm

Howe Conference Room, Briscoe Library

Dr. Carlos Machado, physician and artist for The Netter Collection of Medical Illustrations, will speak to the History of Medicine Society of the Friends of the P.I. Nixon Medical Historical Library on April 10, 2013 at 6:00 p.m. in the evening.  Dr. Machado will speak on the topic: Converging Paths: The Styles of Netter and Machado.

An exhibit, The Artistic Style of Carlos Machado, MD: Selected Illustrations from the Netter Art Collection, is currently on display on the third floor of the Briscoe Library.  The exhibit is on loan from NetterImages.com, ©Elsevier.

Before his artistic talents took his career in a different direction, Dr. Machado practiced medicine as a cardiologist in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. His skill in medical illustration came to the attention of Ciba-Geigy, which at that time controlled the illustration work initiated by Dr. Frank H. Netter.  Dr. Machado has contributed to the Netter Collection of Medical Illustrations for nineteen years, working first for Ciba-Geigy/Novartis, then Icon, and finally Elsevier. He has added over 1,000 new illustrations to the collection, and also updated many of the Netter images to reflect current medical practice and knowledge.

As part of his talk on April 10, Dr. Machado will discuss how his technique has evolved over time, and the factors that influenced his development as an artist. He will discuss his experience working in various media, and comment on similarities and differences between his and Dr. Netter’s professional training, styles, and particular techniques.

Dr. Machado received his medical degree at the Faculdade Medicina de Teresopolis, and his postgraduate degree in cardiology from Santa Casa de Misericordia in Rio de Janeiro.  His illustrations can be seen in Clinical Symposia, The Netter Collection of Medical Illustrations, and the highly acclaimed Interactive Atlas of Clinical Anatomy.

The Netter Presenter database, which contains images from Netter: Atlas of Human Anatomy 5th Edition, can be accessed online through the database page on the library’s website.

Other Netter anatomical resources, including print resources, can be found by searching with the keyword “Netter” in the library’s online catalog.

Susan Hunnicutt, Special Projects Librarian